If you have decided to have a baby you might want to consider the ways in which you can increase your chances of getting pregnant. It will certainly help if you understand how conception occurs and on which days of your periodic cycle you are most fertile. Calculating when it's most likely to happen and timing the intercourse accordingly can give a boost to your chances of getting pregnant.
Every month or every periodic cycle your ovaries produce one egg or ova. Once the ova matures, it bursts out of the ovary and begins to travel down the Fallopian tubes towards the uterus. If it meets viable sperm, the ova gets fertilised and gets implanted in the uterus which, meanwhile, has been getting ready for the implantation of the fertilised ova. This means that pregnancy has started.
The day the ova is released is called ovulation day. You're most likely to get pregnant if you have sex during the two days before you ovulate and on the day of ovulation when there is an ova available. Having sex on one of these days will insure that there is an abundant supply of healthy sperm in your Fallopian tubes when the ova arrives, as sperm stays active for 4 to 5 days in the uterine system.
The next question is: how do you get to know the date of your ovulation?
The easiest way is the calendar calculation method. Taking the first day of your period as Day 1, and assuming you have a regular cycle of 28 days, your day of ovulation would be around Day 15. To estimate when you are likely to ovulate, count back 14 days from when you expect your next period. Your fertile days would include the day you ovulate and the preceding 2 days.
However, the calendar calculation is not a very accurate method because the day of ovulation varies in different women according to their cycle being longer or shorter and even in the same woman in different months. However, if you are not in too much of a hurry you can try out this method for a while.
In some women certain symptoms too appear around the day of ovulation which is called mittelschmerz. There may be mild cramping or twinges of abdominal pain, or a one-sided backache around this time. There could also be a little spotting. Watching out for these symptoms might help to time your day of ovulation.
A more accurate way to get to know the day of ovulation is by keeping a basal body temperature chart. There is a very subtle temperature increase in the body on the day of ovulation and after it. You have to measure your temperature every morning with a special thermometer and record it on a chart. On the day after you ovulate, you should see an increase of 0.5 to 1.0 degree Fahrenheit in your BBT. This temperature increase typically lasts until your next period.
You could also keep track of changes in your cervical mucus through the month. The vaginal discharge you sometimes find in your underwear is cervical mucus. For most of the month, the quantity is less. It is also thick and sticky. In the three to four days before, during, and immediately after ovulation, you will see an increase in cervical mucus and a change in its texture. It'll be clear, slippery, and stretchy, like raw egg whites.
Keeping track of your BBT and cervical mucus can give you a fairly good idea about the day of your ovulation.
However, if you would like to speed things up a bit you could go ahead and get an ovulation predictor kit. The ovulation predictor kit tests your actual hormone levels throughout your cycle. The test will accurately predict which day you're most likely to ovulate.There are two kinds of kits: the most common type tests your urine, and the other tests your saliva. Both show a positive result in the days before you ovulate, giving you time to plan ahead for getting busy.
The random method. You can just try and see what happens. Try having sex at least three times a week, particularly during the middle two weeks of your cycle. Give up unhealthy habits like drinking, smoking, or drinking too much coffee.
If you're younger than 35 you should be able to get pregnant within a year. If you do not succeed it might be time to consult a fertility doctor.