Login

The Flip-side of Unprotected Sex : Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Spread the love

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) are infections that are transmitted by sexual and other contact, usually when people engage in Unprotected Sex. They are caused by different bacteria and viruses that live in the semen, blood, vaginal secretions, and the saliva of infected persons.

STDs spread very easily. Vaginal, anal or oral sex can cause these to spread from one person to the other. Some infections such as genital herpes and genital warts, may be spread through mere skin contact. Putting your hands, mouth or genitals on the herpes sores can cause infection. The sharing of personal items, such as toothbrushes or razors may spread Hepatitis B infections.

Risks

When do we contract STD?

The risk of contracting an STD increases when-
1. You have more than one sex partner.
2. You have sex with someone who has had many partners.
3. You have unprotected sex with strangers.
Thus STDs are more common in the sexually promiscuous and sex workers. However, anyone can contract an infection.
Having sexual contact with an infected partner even if he is exhibiting no symptoms can be risky, especially if a condom has not been used during intercourse. Drug addicts can get infected by sharing needles with infected users.

 Symptoms

How to spot STD contraction?

There are about a score or more of STDs among which the more common ones are chlamydia, gonorrhoea, syphilis which are bacterial in nature.
Viral STDs include genital herpes, warts, HIV and hepatitis B. Infections such as trichomoniasis are caused by parasites.

STDs can cause symptoms such as-
1. Itching
2. Vaginal discharge
3. Sores
4. Painful urination
5. Pain in the lower abdomen
6. Fever
On the other hand there may be no symptoms. There could be serious damages to your reproductive system, immune system, heart, kidneys and vision, if the infection is undetected and untreated. The infection could spread to other organs or cause pelvic Inflammatory disease which could leave you infertile or even dead. You could also get cancer. Your baby may also be permanently harmed or could even die if the infection is passed on to him.

If you have abdominal pain or a bad smelling yellowish, green or dirty looking discharge from your vagina, or if you think you might have contracted an infection, if you have been sexually active, then do not hesitate to consult a doctor. The doctor will examine your skin, and vagina and will take a sample fluid or tissue from your genital, vaginal, or anal areas. A sample of your blood and urine might also be taken  for testing. Your doctor might start some treatment in the meanwhile, till you get your results. Testing of your partner might also be advised.

Remember

6 key points you should know about Sexually Transmitted Diseases:

  • Sometimes people are too scared or embarrassed to visit a doctor about STD concerns. Keep in mind that some STDs can be life threatening if not treated on time. It is therefore, extremely important to get tested for STDs.
  • If you are found to have an STD, take all medicines carefully. Avoid all sexual activity while you are being treated. Be sure to get a follow up to ensure that the infection has gone completely. If you think you might be pregnant, be sure to tell your doctor.
  • Many STDs can be treated and cured completely as long care is taken not to get re-infected. Your partner might need to be treated too. Some STDs like HIV and Herpes cannot be cured but can be managed.
  • The only way to avoid getting an STD is not to have unprotected sex or other kinds of intimate sexual contact without protection. This is especially important for teenagers who may be tempted to indulge in premature sex. Drugs and alcohol are also a total no no too if you want to safeguard your health.
  • Safety measures in adults includes getting oneself tested and treated for STDs, sticking to one partner and always using a latex condom.
    Taking vaccinations against Hepatitis B and the Human Papilloma Virus which causes genital warts and cancer is also advisable.
    Latex condoms are the perfect solution to prevent reinfection but they have to be used in the correct way to be totally effective.

It is sometimes difficult to convince partners to use protection during the intercourse leave alone getting them tested for the STD. It is an essential though 'Risky Rhetoric'. So talk to your partner, stay safe and healthy. Say no to unprotected sex.

To stay updated on women healthcare and to ask questions from verified doctors, while sitting at home, download LAIMA.


Spread the love

Comments are closed.